Fire is the number one enemy of the crew.
And weapons that are cruel and scary like demons
Often used during the war to sink enemy ships
These fire weapons were pioneered by the ancient Greeks.
That is to set fire to their own ships
Inside the vessel will put the tar and turpentine combustible materials.
Then let the ship go into the enemy ship
The flame will burn the enemy ship quickly horribly.
In the 7th century, the Greeks discovered that
naphtha when mixed with quicklime
Will ignite violently when in contact with water
And this is the world’s first fire weapon
And the Greeks used to build a steamer
And the invention of gunpowder to increase potential
In the destruction of these weapons
The steamer is not just a tool.
To set fire to the enemy fleet or destroy the port
But there is still a floating bomb designed to float by tying it to the boat
To destroy the fleet as much as possible
With a large number of explosions to blow violently
In the winter of 1585
Antwerp was besieged by the army of Alexander Farnese.
Habsburg Army Commander in Spanish Netherlands
(Dutch had been a colony of the Spaniards before)
Initiated the construction of a floating bridge across the Scheldt River
Between Antwerp and the sea
Because they want the poor population to surrender
To destroy the blockade from the army
The Dutch hired an Italian military engineer named Federigo Giambelli.
Which has a great reputation in various scientific knowledge
Federigo Giambelli promised that
Will destroy this bridge to collapse
And asked the Dutch to deliver 3 large cargo ships
Selected by the Navy of Antwerp
But the request of the Federigo Giambelli was rejected
Therefore having to use 2 small boats named Fortuyn and Hoop
Although Federigo Giambelli is bored
With the stinginess of the Dutch people at that time
But at the same time
Giambelli Federigo is still determined
To show firepower, fire / hell fire
Even though having limited resources
Federigo Giambelli changed both ships
Was the biggest fire bomb in Europe of that time
As far as no one had ever seen before at that time
He called it hellburners, hell.
Inside the cargo room of the ship
He built a dormitory with a length of 42 feet, 16 feet wide.
Construction of bricks and mortar with 5 feet thick wall
And within 3 tons of high quality gunpowder
Then sealed the top like a roof
From old gravestone signs that were sealed with lead
The top of the dormitory And in free space around
Will be filled with debris, scrap and other sharp things
To act as a slayer
All of these things will be placed on the deck.
Then camouflaged with ordinary wood to make the boat look like a general cargo ship
On board the Fortuyn, there is a time-consuming ignition insulation.
Insulated wires will burn slowly and continuously.
In order to ignite after the specified time
On the ship, Hoop has the most advanced ignition tools of that time.
Classified as a very amazing technology
Federigo Giambelli asked the watchmaker Antwerp
Create a mechanical stopwatch
(Driven by gears and clockwork)
Combined with the musket trigger
Which will be fired and the gunpowder points contained
In a precise time
And this is the first time bomb in the world
Hellfire attacks Antwerp in 1585 during this invasion of the city state.
Federigo Giambelli has a tactical battle plan.
By sending 30 fire boats in advance, one by one
To divert attention from the Navy
And then let the Fortuyn and Hoop sail along until near the bridge.
But on the night of the attack on April 4, 1585
Navy commander responsible for the battle
Confusion with the tactics of the Federigo Giambelli
By sending all the fire boats to sail at the same time
Followed by two Hellfire boats, Fortuyn and Hoop
Hellfire Fortuyn sailed along the river bank before reaching the bridge.
Before exploding in accordance with the delaying ignition insulation
But caused little damage to the Royal Navy
Hell Fire Boat Hoop goes straight to the bridge. Then banged violently
When the set time bomb is started
The explosion was severe and terrible at night.
Causing more than 800 soldiers to die immediately
Most of the bridge structures were blown away by the explosion.
Along with later The bomb destroyed the old grave sign.
Causing rock fragments Combined with scrap, other sharp things
Spreading millions of pieces into the sky
Then flew from the sky again afterwards
Causing many houses
Who are miles away from being a threat
From this fragment of the flak
And the blast sounds as far as 35 kilometers
Causing people to panic and wake up that night
This explosion is considered a time bomb.
Which has the largest explosive power
That people have created for the first time in the world
Giambelli Federigo after hired Dutch
Later moved to England
To create things for the English royal court
Such as the town’s fire brigade fortress
Circus design / town plan
Exploring the Fort Plymouth Hoe design
And later died in England
One of the fortresses / towers of Giambelli at Carisbrook Castle built during 1597 – 1600
The use of time bombs, after which he was abstained.
Has been used again during World War 1
When British engineers used more than 450,000 kilograms of bombs
To destroy the defensive line / trenches of the German army
Military historian Robert L. O’Connell
Call the Fire The world’s first devastating weapon
Although successful in attacking with hell
But the Dutch could not continue to attack the army.
Causing the Royal Navy to be revived
And create another barrier made of wood